"Born Joseph Melchior Sarto on 2nd June, 1835, this remarkable man described himself in his will, 'I was born poor, i lived in poverty, I wish to die poor'.
His place of birth was the little village of Riese in Upper Italy. His parents had nine other children, two of whom died as infants. When the father, a cobbler, died, the mother supported herself and the children by the work of sewing and the products of a small farm.
Joseph Sarto after attending high school went on to the seminary at Padua and was ordained on 18th September, 1858. He was successfully village curate in Tombolo where he instituted a night school for adults, a parish priest in Salzano, chancellor of the Diocese of Treviso, then Bishop of Mantua and finally Cardinal Patriarch of Venice in 1893.
After ten years, he was elected pope to succeed Leo XIII. As pope, he laboured for the renovation of the Christian spirit in keeping with his motto 'To restore all things in Christ'.
Amongst the outstanding works of his pontificate was the permission for children to approach the Eucharist at a tender age, and the general encouragement given to all with the proper dispositions to go to daily Communion. From his tender years, throughout his papacy and unto his dying hour, his life of deep inner prayer reflected in his countenance and won the reverence and affection of all.
His life as pope lasted until 1914 when at the outbreak of the World War which he had foreseen, he went peacefully to his reward. At once, he was revered by priests and people alike as a saint. Finally, the almost universal acclaim of his holiness brought his beatification through the usual process in 1951, and he was canonised by Pope Pius XII on 29th May, 1954".